has been a Kingdom for over 1500 years from now. The Newars are thought to
have lived in the Nepal Valley since the 4th century AD, developing a
Hindu-Buddhist culture. Cited below is a brief chronology of the important
events that happened in Nepal.
|ca. 563 B.C.
||Buddha born in Lumbini
||Licchavi kingdom in power in Kathmandu
||Khasa Mall kings rule in western Nepal
||Arimalla, first monarch of the Malla Dynasty, rules in Kathmandu
||Khasa King Ripumalla leads raid in Kathmandu Valley
||Sultan Shams ud-din Ilyas of Bengal leads raid in Kathmandu Valley.
||Jayasthitimalla rules as king of united Malla kingdom in Kathmandu
||Yakshamalla reigns - height of united Malla kingdom.
||Malla kingdom divided; three kingdoms of Kathmandu, Bhadgaon, and
||Gorkha kindgom established by Dravya Shah.
||Ram Shah of Gorkha reigns; Gorkha kindgom experiences first
||Prithvi Narayan Shah ascends to throne of Gorkha.
||Gorkha conquers Kathmandu and Patan, Bhadgaon, eastern Nepal, and
||Prithvi Narayan Shah dies, first king of united Nepal.
||The Anglo-Nepalese War and the resulting Treaty of Sagauli reduces
the territory of Nepal.
||Jang Bahadur Rana takes over as prime minister and establishes
hereditary Rana rule.
||The Nepali Congress Party is founded.
||The United States establishes diplomatic relations with Nepal.
- The country's first constitution, the Government of Nepal Act, is
- Prime Minister Padma Shamsher Rana resigns in the wake of
opposition to the new constitution from conservative Ranas;
- Mohan Shamsher becomes prime minister; constitution is suspended.
- Mohan Shamsher capitulates;
- King Tribhuvan is restored to the throne
- Koirala resigns;
- King assumes direct rule.
||Koirala is recalled as prime minister.
- King Tribhuvan dies and is succeeded by Mahendra;
- Nepal joins the United Nations;
- National Police Force is formed;
- Koirala resigns; Mahendra takes over direct control.
- Tanka Prasad Acharya is named prime minister;
- Border treaty with China concluded;
- Acharya resigns;
- K.I. Singh becomes prime minister for a few months.
- USSR opens an embassy at Kathmandu;
- Subarna Shamsher is named new prime minister.
- United States opens an embassy at Kathmandu;
- New constitution is promulgated, superseding Constitution of
- First general elections are held;
- Nepal Congress Party wins absolute majority;
- Tribhuvan University founded;
- B.P. Koirala heads first popular government;
- Koirala's policies are opposed by the king, and Koirala is
- All political parties are banned; the king takes over direct
control of government;
- Treaty of Peace and Friendship with China is concluded.
- Kind proclaims guided democracy;
- Boundary treaty with China renewed.
- New constitution, third since 1951, establishes panchayat form of
- Land Reorganization Act and Mulki Ain, new legal code, are
- Anti-India riots erupt in Kathmandu over Indian aid to
- Emergency is ended; Panchayat elections begin;
- National Guidance Council is formed;
- Tulsi Giri is named prime minister;
- Local government reorganized;
- Giri resigns;
- Surya Bahadur Thapa is appointed prime minister
- Thapa yields office to Kirti Nidhi Bista;
- Indian military mission withdrawn.
- Bista resigns;
- Raj Bhandari becomes interim prime minister.
- Bista is recalled as prime minister;
- New trade and transit treaty negotiated with India.
- Mahedra dies and is succeeded by King Birendra;
- Development regions are established under National Development
- Nagendra Prasad Rijal is named prime minister;
- Singha Durbar, the seat of government, burns down.
- Rijal resigns;
- Tulsi Giri is appointed prime minister;
- King Birendra is crowned;
- "Go to the Village" campaign is launched.
- B.P. Koirala returns from India and is arrested;
- Treaty with India expires and is not renewed.
- Tulsi Giri resigns as prime minister in the wake of corruption
- Former prime minister Kirti Nidhi Bista is reinstated as prime
- Following nationwide demonstrations by students, Bista is
replaced as prime minister by Surya Bahadur Thapa;
- King announces referendum on the panchayat form of government.
||In national referendum people vote for continuance of the panchayat
form of government and against the reintroduction of political parties.
||B.P. Koirala, Nepali Congress Party leader dies.
||Prime Minister Surya Bahadur Thapa is defeated in the Rastriya
Panchayat and is replaced by Lokendra Bahadur Chand.
- Second elections to Rastriya Panchayat held;
- Marich Man Singh Shrestha becomes prime minister.
||Failure to renegotiate trade and transit treaties with India
- Demonstrations for the restoration of democracy;
- Panchayat system is dissolved;
- Interim government made up of various parties and king's
- New constitution promulgated.
- Elections to Parliament held;
- Nepali Congress wins a narrow majority;
- G.P. Koirala becomes prime minister.President of Nepali Congress
and interim prime minister, K.P. Bhattarai, defeated in the polls by
the leader of CPN-UML, Madan Bhandari.
- Local elections held;
- Nepali Congress wins a majority of the seats.
- Madan Bhandari killed in a mysterious car crash. Violent
demonstrations by communists to overthrow Koirala's government;
- Devastating floods kill hundreds.
- Prime minister Koirala resigns and calls for new elections afte
losing a parliamentary vote due to the abstention of 36 members of
his own party. New elections in November results in a hung
- CPN-UML, which emerged as the single largest party, formes a
||The minority goverment of CPN-UML loses power in a parliamentary
vote of no-confidence. A coalition government of Nepali Congress, RPP
and Sadhvabana is formed.
||The NC-RPP coalition government loses power resulting in a UML-RPP
coalition. This government itself loses power six months later to
another NC-RPP coalition. Ganesh Man Singh, who led the 1990 democracy
||The third general elections after restoration of democracy results
in Nepali Congress coming back to power with an absolute majority in the
House. Krishna P. Bhattarai becomes Prime Minister for the second time.