Nepal is a melting pot of many races and
tribes. With the population of twenty-two million, Nepal is an assortment of
races and tribes, living in different regions, following different costumes
and speaking different languages. Nepalese live under diverse environmental
conditions from the low, nearly sea level plains at the border of India,
northward through the middle hills and up to the flanks of the great
Himalayan range where there are settlements at altitude of up to 4,800m.
Farming practices are therefore equally diverse along with life styles and
||Mongoloid groups from Tibet
Indo-aryan from Northen India
The early settlement of Nepal was accomplished by large-scale emigrations
of Mongoloid groups from Tibet and of Indo-Aryan peoples from northern
India. Nepalese of Indo-Aryan ancestry constitutes the great majority of the
total population. Tibeto-Nepalese peoples form a significant minority of the
country's population. Nepali, a derivative of Sanskrit, is the official
language; Newari, a language of the Tibeto-Burman family, and numerous other
languages are spoken. About 90% of the population is Hindu, and the
The best known of the high mountain people are the Sherpas who inhabit the
central and eastern regions of Nepal. The Sherpas have easy access to Bhot
(Tibet) for trade and social intercourse and therefore Tibetan influence on
their culture and civilization remains distinct.
Tibetan speaking people
The high Himalayan settlements of Tibetan speaking people are found perched
precariously on mountain ledges and slopes. Life here is delicate balance of
hard work and social merrymaking, tempered by a culture deeply steeped in
ancient religious traditions.
Tibeto-Burman and Indo-Aryan
The midlands are inhabited by various Tibeto-Burman and Indo-Aryan speaking
hill and valley people, for example the Brahmins, Chettris, and Newars.
While the Brahmins and Chettris are widely distribute through out the
country, the Newars are mainly concentrated in the Katmandu Valley and other
The Rais, Limbus, Tamangs, Magars, Sunwars, Jirels, Gurungs, Thakalis, and
Chepangs are other Tibeto-Burman speaking Mongoloid people found living in
the middle hills. Each have their own distinct social and cultural patterns.
Lowland Terai People
The Dun valleys and the lowland Terai are inhabited by people such as the
Brahmins, Rajputs, Tharus, Danwars, Majhis, Darais, Rajbansis, Statars,
Dhimals and Dhangars. Though Nepal is a veritable mosaic of dozens of ethnic
groups, they are bound together by their loyalty to the institution of
monarchy, and by the ideas of peaceful coexistence and religious tolerance
to form one unified nation.