Fauna and Flora
- There are more than 43 species of mammals, over 450 species of birds,
and more than 45 species of amphibians and reptiles in the park.
- One of the most important sub-tropical parks in Indian sub-continent.
- More than 43 mammal species, 450 bird species, and more than 45
species of amphibians and reptiles.
- Known for diversity of eco-systems. Within the park are Churia hills,
ox-bow lakes, and the flood plains of Rapti, Reu and Narayani rivers.
There are more than 50 species of mammals in the park. The park is
famous for conservation of the endangered one-horned rhinoceros, tiger,
gharial, gaur, wild elephant, four horned antelope, striped hyena, pangolin,
Gangetic dolphin, monitor lizard, and python. Some other animals found in
the park are sambar, chital (deer), hog deer, barking deer, sloth deer,
common leopard, ratel, palm civet, wild dog, langur and rhesus monkeys.
More than 45 species of amphibians and reptiles live in the park, more
famous of which are the marsh crocodile, cobra, green pit viper and various
species of frogs and tortoises.
There are more than species of birds in the park. Counted among the
endangered birds are the Bengal florican, giant hornbill, lesser florican,
black stork and white stork. Few common birds are peafowl, red jungle fowl,
and different species of egrets, herons, kingfishers, flycatchers and
woodpeckers. The best time for watching birds is in March and December.
One fifth of the park is comprises the floodplain of the Narayani, Rapti
and the Reu Rivers. It is covered by dense Elephant grass interspersed with
forests of silk cotton (Kapok), Acacia and Sisam trees.
Watching the wonders of Nature
Watching unique birds and animals from atop an elephant can be quite
exciting. Here is a list of activities that can make your trip to the Royal
Chitwan National Park more memorable.
Canoeing on Chitwan rivers is an excellent way of seeing waterfalls. The
park's dolphins and crocodiles, however, are seldom seen. The high
temperatures experienced in the park make bathing in the river an attractive
pastime. Water-holes are also lure for a swim. Watching the elephants
showering is very interesting.
rides is a major Chitwan attractions. Wild boar, red deer and other
creatures of the jungle can be seen, in the morning and evening especially,
from from atop the tall pachyderms. One more advantage is that rhinos can be
approached without danger. Apart from the animals, luxuriant vegetation and
jungle chorus - different sounds in different parts of the day - make the
ride a memorable experience.
Jungle safaris make it possible to explore the length and breadth of the
White- Water Rafting
White-water rafting expedition and jungle safari together represent the
ultimate adventure. The river trip itself takes two to three days,
commencing at or upstream of Mugling and ending in Narayanghat.
Animal Watching from Hides
Apart from safaris on foot and elephant back, hides offer animal watchers
another way of getting what they want. Called machans in local language,
these wooden towers are usually erected in clearings crossed by game paths.
Best time to watch red deer and rhinos is early morning and evening.
What To Bring With You
- Try to be well informed about the routes of the park
- Consult the doctor before you leave for the trip
- Do not disturb the animals and birds in the park
- Remain in a group
- Try to take a guide along with you while exploring the park
How To Reach Royal Chitwan National Park
- Sun Hat and Sun Cream
- Swim Wear
- Light Clothes; Color should blend with natural surroundings
- Light sweater or jacket for mornings and evenings during the winter
season (Dec to Feb)
- Shoes for easy movement
- Swiss knife
Move on the Kathmandu-Narayanghat Highway. Then drive on the Pokhara -
Narayanghat Highway which takes you to the park.
You can raft down the Trisuli River (from Kathmandu) or Seti River (from
Pokhara) ro reach the park.
Regular charter flights are available from Kathmandu, Pokhara, Biratnagar
(Koshi Tappu), Bhairawa (Lumbini), Nepalgunj (Bardia).