Sagarmatha National Park is the highest national park in world, located
above 3000 meters i.e. 9700 feet. The park comprises the upper catchment
areas of Dudh Kosi and Bhote Kosi Rivers. Most part of the landscape is
rugged terrain and gorges of the high Himalayas.
The Park is located amidst the peaks which are counted among the tallest in
the world. Mount Sagarmatha is none other than Mt. Everest itself. Other
well known peaks such as Lhotse, Thamerku, Pumori, Ama Dablam, Cho Oyu,
Kwangde, Kangtaiga and Gyachyung Kang are also located nearby. More than 118
species of birds and 26 species of butterflies reside in the park.
UNESCO World Heritage Site
||Solu-Khumbu District of the Sagarmatha Zone, Northeast of Kathmandu
||July 19, 1976
||UNESCO World Heritage Site
|Listed In Year
||1,148 sq. km.
||Wild Yak, Musk Deer, Red Panda, Snow Leopard and Himalayan Black
|Best Season To Visit
||October to November and December to February
- The Mt. Sagarmatha (Everest) and the surrounding areas are important
not only to Nepal but also to the rest of the world. too. Its
recognition as a National Park since 1976 intends to protect its unique
cultural, physical and scientific values.
- The UNESCO recognised Sagarmatha National Park as a world heritage
site in 1976 as the park 'contains superlative natural beauty and is of
great aesthetic importance'.
Creatures that can be witnessed in the wildlife tour of the park are
: Endangered animals residing in this
park are Snow Leopard, Musk Deer, Wild Yak, Red Panda and Himalayan Black
: Big mammals commonly seen in the park
are the Himalayan Tahr and Musk Deer.
: Other mammals include the Himalayan
Black Bear, Jackal, Weasels, Marten, Common Langur and the Himalayan
: The park is the residence of more than 118
species of birds. The most common ones are the Impeyan Pheasant (Danphe),
Redbilled Chough, Blood pheasant and Yellow-billed Chough.
Pine and hemlock forests are found at the lower elevations of the
park. Above 3500m, trees such as birch, rhododendron, silver fir and juniper
trees can be seen. Rhododendron show luminous colours in spring and monsoon
seasons. The tree line in the region is at 4500m. Birch gives way to juniper
and rhododendron scrubs. The park landscape is cut by deep rivers and
glaciers. It can be segregated into four climatic zones:
- The Lower Forested Zone where Juniper, Birch, Blue Pines, Bamboo,
Firs and Rhododendon grow.
- The Upper Zone where plant life is limited to Lichens and Mosses.
- The Artic Zone where plants stop to grow.
The park can be best experienced on foot. Nothing can match the walker's
sense of excitement at complete fusion with the world of Nature by observing
the park's vegetation and wildlife.
From Sagarmatha National Park, trekking trail to Kala Pathar Peak is the
most popular, though the treks to Gokyoand Chukung Valleys are no less
Places of Interest
Apart from the greatly varied flora and fauna as well as the impressive
mountain scenery of the park, there are some monasteries and gompas in the
Sagarmatha National Park premises that hold the travellers' attention. Here
is brief infomation about such places.
Park Visitor Center
It is located at Mendalphu i.e. the park's Headquarters. While staying at
Namche Bazar, don't forget to visit the natural history and cultural
It is one of the most important religious centers in the area. Renowned
Mani Rimdu festival is celebrated here in May.
In June the Dumje festival is observed here as well as at the monasteries
of Namche and Pangboche.
How to Reach
- Marvellous mountains, glaciers and deep valleys, dominated by Mount
Everest, the highest peak in the world (8,848 m).
- Several rare species, such as the snow leopard and the lesser panda,
can be found in the park.
- The presence of the Sherpas, with their unique culture, makes the
site more interesting.
Common ways to reach the national park are:
- Flight to Lukla followed by two days walk.
- Bus to Jiri and 10 days walk
- Flight to Tumlingtar and 10 days walk.
- Flight to Syangboche, the highest airstrip in the world.
- Flight to Phaplu and 5 days walk.